In order to develop and implement appropriate cliamte change response strategies, it is essential to establish a comprehensive baseline of the current situation in Fiji and an understanding of the effects of climate change, the degree of vulnerability and the national capacity to adapt. This has been achieved, in this current vulnerability and adaptation assessment, by using Viti Levu for an in-depth case study.
International Global Change Institute (IGCI)
University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand in partnership with South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) and Pacific Islands Climate Change Assistance Programme (PICCAP), Fiji Country Team
This report responds to a lack in practical materials for measuring the impacts of natural disasters. It comprises two key resources:
i) a research report which demonstrates how past natural hazards in Fiji, Niue, Tuvalu and Vanuatu have resulted in significant short-term and long-term direct, indirect and intangible impacts.
ii) a practical guide for estimating the direct, indirect and macroeconomic impacts of natural disasters, both in the short and long term, on development in the Pacific.
Authors: E. McKenzie; B. Prasad; A. Kaloumaira
Publisher: Australian Agency for International Development, 2006
Three linked risks for development in the Pacific Islands: Climate Change, Natural Disasters and Conflict
Pacific Island countries are demonstrably vulnerable to the risks of climate change, disasters and conflict. This paper outlines the conceptual links between these risks, briefly describes how each of the risks operates in the Pacific Islands , and goes on to demonstrate the interaction of climate change, disasters and potential for conflict in the Pacific Islands, by applying a new conceptual framework to some illustrative case studies.
Authors: Tony Weir and Zahira Virani
Date: July 2010
PACE-SD Occasional Paper No. 2010/3
The small island developing countries of the Pacific are widely recognized as among those most vulnerable to climate change. 1, 2 They are already strongly impacted by extreme climatic events such as cyclones, to which the people have developed traditional coping mechanisms. Such mechanisms included preserved foods kept back for emergency use (e.g. fermented breadfruit) and light-weight dwellings which though easily destroyed could be quickly rebuilt. But economic development has led to changing lifestyles, urbanization, and increased populations, which have made such mechanisms less relevant than in past centuries, .and these counties do not have the human or financial resources to take up technologically sophisticated adaptation measures. Therefore there is a strong need to identify, develop and disseminate adaptation strategies that are suitable for use in Pacific communities as they are now.
Authors: Bill Aalbersberg, Patrina Dumaru, Leone Limalevu and Tony Weir - University of the South Pacific
Date: May 2010
PACE-SD Occasional Paper No. 2010/1
Institutional and Policy Analysis of Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation in Pacifi
This report explores how and why the fields of disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation have developed in parallel, globally as well as in the Pacific, rather than in a more integrated manner. Essentially the former has focused on addressing existing risks related to all categories of hazards, though it is increasingly also taking a longer term view, similar to that of climate change adaptation. Importantly, disaster risk reduction looks more widely than just climate-related risks. On the other hand, adaptation has been more concerned with addressing future climate risks, with relatively more limited and less developed tools and with institutional frameworks, political processes, information sharing and a community of practitioners that often struggle to provide meaningful and lasting responses to climate change.
Author: John E. Hay, JEH+ Ltd, Rarotonga
Prepared for the United Nations International System for Disaster Reduction and the United Nations Development Programme
Date: May 2009