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Field Detail
Theme Population and Development
Code PD-LF-1.3
MDG code MDG-1.5
Sub-theme Labour Force
Name Employment-Population Ratio (MDG.1.5)
Definition The EPR is defined as the percentage of employed persons in the working-age population.
Calculation/Formula Number of employed people in the working-age population / total number of people in the working age population x 100
Unit of Measure %
Range (eg Age) 15+ (except for some countries cf.below)
Purpose/Rationale It is considered a basic yardstick for understanding the overall demands for labour in an economy as it provides information on the ability of an economy to generate employment (ILO, 2012). It provides useful information about the income earning ability of the population
Policy Linkages National Development Plans, National Sustainable Development Frameworks, MDGs
Preferred Data Sources Labor Force survey
Alternative_Data Sources Other household surveys (DHS, HIES), preferably with inclusion of specific labor force module; population censuses.
Census - HIES - DHS tag Census / HIES
Primary Data Collection System Survey - National Statistics Office
Frequency of Data Collection 5-10 years
SPC Responsibility - Data Management SDP
Country Specific Issues Age range is not 15+ for some countries : Palau : 16+/ PNG: 10+
SPC Programme SDP
Numerator Number of employed people in the working-age population
Component 1 Employed in formal sector
Component 2 Employed in the informal sector
Component 3 Employed in subsistence agriculture and fishing activities
Denominator Total number of people in the working age population
Factor x 100
Unit %