HyperLink
Field Detail
Theme Health
Code PH-CH-1.5
MDG code MDG-1.8
Sub-theme Child Health
Name Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age (Malnutrition indicator weight-for-age below -2SD ) (MDG 1.8)
Definition Prevalence of underweight children is the percentage of children aged less than 5 years whose weight for age is less than minus 2 standard deviations below the median weight for age of the international reference population. The international reference population, often referred to as the NCHS/WHO reference population, was formulated by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) as a reference for the United States and later adopted by the World Health Organization (WHO).
Calculation/Formula (Number of children under five years who's weight-for-age is below -2SD from median / Total population of children under five years that were surveyed (weighed)) x 100
Unit of Measure %
Range (eg Age) < 5 years
Limitations Child malnutrition is becoming a chronic problem in the Pacific with deaths from malnutrition increasing. However developing a clear picture if malnutrition is difficult, as hospital admission records are not reflective of the problem. Hospital is viewed as a ‘last resort’ for many families. Information is sometimes collected by consultants community screening programmes, and Global School Health surveys, but these are often not published, and not shared with the international community. Given the small numbers (as compared with other NCD’s) child malnutrition is often not reported by international agencies
Purpose/Rationale Indicates a type of undernutrition in children. Monitors impact of food and nutrition programmes and the nutrition, growth and health status of children
Policy Linkages National Development plans,
Preferred Data Sources DHS
Alternative_Data Sources Nutrition surveys
Census - HIES - DHS tag DHS
Primary Data Collection System Survey - National Statistics Office
Frequency of Data Collection 5 years
Other agencies countries_ must report to: CHIPS
SPC Responsibility - Data Management PHD
SPC Programme PHD
Numerator Number of children under five years who's weight-for-age is below -3SD from median
Denominator Total population of children under five years that were surveyed (weighed)
Other Metadata Link http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/Metadata.aspx