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Field Detail
Code PD-EDU-1.10
MDG code MDG-2.1
Name Net enrolment ratio in primary education (%)
Definition Net primary enrolment rate in primary education is the number of children of official primary school age who are enrolled in primary education as a percentage of the total children of the official primary school age population.
Calculation/Formula (Number of pupils enrolled in primary education who are of the official primary school age / Population for the same age-group) x 100
Unit of Measure %
Range (eg Age) Official Primary school age group
Assumptions This method requires information on the structure of education (i.e. theoretical entrance age and duration of ISCED97 Level 1), enrolment by single years of age and population of the age-group corresponding to the given level of education
Limitations Net Enrolment Rate (NER) denotes a high degree of enrolment in education by the official school-age population. The NER is the number of pupils of the theoretical school-age group for a given level of education, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group. The theoretical maximum value is 100%. Total NERs below 100 percent provide a measure of the proportion of primary school age children who are out of school. When the NER is compared with the Gross Enrolment Rate (GER) the difference between the two ratios highlights the incidence of under-aged and over-aged enrolment. The GER is the number of pupils enrolled in a given level of education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population in the theoretical age group for the same level of education. Net Enrolment Rates may exceed 100% due to inconsistencies between population and enrolment data. In this case the indicator is adjusted by the Enesco Institute for Statistics (UIS) using a capping factor so that the Gender Parity Index1 of the new set of values remains the same as for the original values but setting the higher of the male and female NERs to 100% and adjusting the other values proportionately. Administrators may report exaggerated enrolments, especially if there is a financial incentive to do so. Children’s ages may be inaccurately estimated or misstated. Census data may be out of date or unreliable
Policy Linkages National Development Plans, National Sustainable Development Frameworks, MDGs
Preferred Data Sources MOE digests
Alternative_Data Sources Census
Census - HIES - DHS tag Census
Primary Data Collection System National Administrative Database - Education Information Management Systems (EMIS)
Frequency of Data Collection Annual
Other agencies countries_ must report to: UNESCO
SPC Responsibility - Data Management SDP
SPC Programme SDP
Numerator Number of pupils enrolled in primary education who are of the official primary school age
Denominator Population for the same age-group
Factor x 100
Unit %
Other Metadata Link http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/Metadata.aspx