HyperLink
Field Detail
Theme Health
Code PH-MH-1.6
MDG code MDG-5.5
Sub-theme Maternal Health
Name Antenatal care coverage (% of women who had at least one antenatal session with a skilled provider) (MDG 5.5)
Definition Antenatal care coverage (at least one visit) is the percentage of women aged 15-49 with a live birth in a given time period that received antenatal care provided by a skilled health personnel (doctors, nurses, or midwives) at least once during pregnancy, as a percentage of women age 15-49 years with a live birth in a given time period
Calculation/Formula "The number of women aged 15-49 with a live birth in a given time period that received antenatal care provided by skilled health personnel (doctors, nurses or midwives) at least once during pregnancy / Number of women aged 15-49 with a live birth in the same period x 100"
Unit of Measure %
Range (eg Age) 15-49 years
Assumptions Household surveys (DHS) - birth history—detailed questions on the last-born child or all children a woman has given birth to during a given period preceding the survey (usually 3 to 5 years), and women are asked about the use of antenatal care. The number of live births to women surveyed provides the denominator. Health information management systems/service statistics (number of women receiving antenatal care (numerator). Census projections or in some cases vital registration data are used to provide the denominator (numbers of live births).
Limitations Receiving antenatal care during pregnancy does not guarantee the receipt of interventions that are effective in improving maternal health. Receiving antenatal care at least four times, which is recommended by WHO, increases the likelihood of receiving effective maternal health interventions during antenatal visits. Importantly, although the indicator for “at least one visit” refers to visits with skilled health providers (doctor, nurse, midwife), “four or more visits” refers to visits with ANY provider because national-level household surveys do not collect provider data for each visit. In addition, standardization of the definition of skilled health personnel is sometimes difficult because of differences in training of health personnel in different countries.
Purpose/Rationale Antenatal care coverage is an indicator of access and use of health care during pregnancy
Policy Linkages National Reproductive Health Policies and Strategies
Preferred Data Sources Health Information Management System
Alternative_Data Sources DHS
Census - HIES - DHS tag DHS
Primary Data Collection System National Administrative Database - Health Information Management Systems (HIS)
Frequency of Data Collection Annual
Other agencies countries_ must report to: CHIPS / UNICEF
SPC Responsibility - Data Management PHD
SPC Programme PHD
Numerator The number of women aged 15-49 with a live birth in a given time period that received antenatal care provided by skilled health personnel (doctors, nurses or midwives) at least once during pregnancy
Denominator Number of women aged 15-49 with a live birth in the same period
Factor x 100
Unit %
Other Metadata Link http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/Metadata.aspx