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Field Detail
Theme Health
Code PH-VBD-1.4
MDG code MDG-6.7
Sub-theme Vector Borne Diseases (Malaria)
Name Proportion of children under 5 sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (WHO) (MDG 6.7)
Definition Percentage of children under five years of age in malaria endemic areas who slept under an ITN the previous night, ITN being defined as a mosquito net that has been treated within 12 months or is a long-lasting insecticidal net (LLIN).
Calculation/Formula The number of children aged 0-59 months who slept under an insecticide-treated mosquito net the night prior to the survey / The total number of children aged 0-59 months included in the survey x100
Unit of Measure %
Range (eg Age) 0-59 months
Limitations Because of issues of date recall of last impregnation, this indicator may not provide reliable estimates of net retreatment status. Furthermore, the standard survey instrument does not collect information on whether the net was washed after treatment, which can reduce its effectiveness. Typically, estimates are provided for the national level, which may underestimate the level of coverage among subpopulations living in localized areas of malaria transmission
Purpose/Rationale In areas of intense malaria transmission, malaria-related morbidity and mortality are concentrated in young children, and the use of insecticide-treated nets (ITN) by children under 5 has been demonstrated to considerably reduce malaria disease incidence, malaria-related anaemia and all cause under 5 mortality. Vector control through the use of ITNs constitute one of the four intervention strategies of the Roll Back Malaria Initiative. It is also listed as an MDG indicator
Policy Linkages Vector borne disease control plans, national disaster management plans
Preferred Data Sources Malaria Indicator Surveys, Vector Borne Disease Control Unit
Alternative_Data Sources DHS, MICS
Census - HIES - DHS tag DHS
Primary Data Collection System National Administrative Database - Health Information Management Systems (HIS)
Frequency of Data Collection Annual (aggregated over multiple years) if from administrative data/ Approx 5 years if from Survey sources
Other agencies countries_ must report to: Global Fund / UNICEF Global Database
SPC Responsibility - Data Management PHD
SPC Programme PHD
Numerator The number of children aged 0-59 months who slept under an insecticide-treated mosquito net the night prior to the survey
Denominator The total number of children aged 0-59 months included in the survey
Factor x100
Unit %
Other Metadata Link http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/Metadata.aspx