Inform'ACTION Special Issue

Climate change and Health

                                       August 2013

ISSN 1029-3396

© Copyright SPC 2013

 Information for action / Information pour action

Inform'ACTION is the bilingual bulletin of the Pacific Public Health Surveillance Network (PPHSN) produced by the Research, Evidence and Information Programme (REI) of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC). It contains news and information about public health surveillance and response activities in the Pacific Island Countries and Territories. The first priorities of the PPHSN are communicable diseases, especially the outbreak-prone ones.

Produced at SPC (Noumea) with the support of AusAid, New Zealand Aid Programme and France

Complete publication in PDF (2.7 MB)  

 Previous issues of Inform'ACTION


On-line version with articles downloadable separately
 
[click on each pdf links)

Contents

  Articles in pdf

Editorial


Climate Change & Health

The First Pacific Regional Climate Change and Health Symposium
Lachlan McIver, Damian Hoy, Christelle Lepers, Jyotishma Naicker, Yvan Souarès


Abstracts from keynote addresses


An introduction to climate change and human health
Alistair Woodward

Climate change science, products and services in the Pacific
Scott Power

Piloting climate change adaptation to protect human health (PCCAPHH) in Fiji – A Progress Report
Jyotishma Naicker

The role of governments and the IPCC in managing climate change and health issues
Yasushi Honda


Abstracts from country presentations
Climate change and health vulnerabilities and adaptation in

Cook Islands
William Taripo

Marshall Islands
Nabin Oli

Nauru
Godfrey Waidubu

Papua New Guinea
Teresa Zurenuoc

Samoa
Victoria Ieremia Faasili

Solomon Islands
Andrew Waleluma Darcy

Tokelau – Heavenly and earthly, survival or extinction
Lee Pearce

Tonga
Malakai Ake

Vanuatu
Pakoa Lawo Rarua

Kiribati, Federated States of Micronesia, Niue, Palau and Tuvalu
Lachlan McIver

French Polynesia is vulnerable to the effects of Climate Change
Edouard Suhas


Abstracts from activities, projects and research findings conducted in the Pacific and Asia

Track - Curriculum development: building knowledge for the future
Theme: ‘Learning by doing’: it’s now or never, be clever
Litiana N.T. Kuridrani and Altaisaikhan Khasag

Climate change and health curriculum at the College of Medicine, Nursing and Health Science, Fiji National University
Railala Nakabea

‘Adapting to climate change in Kiribati -The social dimension’ – documentary and presentation
Emily Moli

The role of public awareness in health-protective behaviours to reduce heat waves risk
Myounghee Kim, Ho Kim, Myoungsoon You

A new paradigm of climate awareness and response: Assessing the capacity to adapt in the health and water sectors in Fiji
Elenoa Seru-Puamau


Addressing food and water safety and security

Shifting away from traditional cultivation practices pose risks to food security
Jeremy Dorovolomo

Emerging issues on climate change, its impacts, adaptation and island development on Rotuma
Monifa Fiu

Impact of community-based fisheries management on child health in the Pacific: Evaluation of a climate adaptation programme
Hilary Bambrick and Quentin Hanich


Finding alternative sources of energy that reduce deforestation and protect human health

Prospects of solar cooker and indoor air quality (IAQ)
Mukesh Verma


Investigating new therapeutic agents

Human health security and climate change: Investigation of therapeutic compounds from marine sponge associated fungi
Payal Maharaj


Monitoring, understanding and strengthening the control of vector-borne diseases

Climate change and health adaptation: strengthening control of vector-borne diseases to lessen impacts of climate change in the western Pacific region
Joshua Nealon, Undraa B, Makita L, Raingsey P, Abeyasinghe R, Ochirpurev A, Chan V

Climate-based models for understanding and forecasting dengue epidemics in New Caledonia and perspectives for the South Pacific area
E. Descloux, M. Mangeas, C. Menkes, A. Leroy, L. Guillaumot, J.P. Grangeon, J. Benzler, M. Teurlai, V. Cavarero

Relationship between dengue vector density and climate parameters and their implications for dengue prevention and control in Cambodia
Joshua Nealon, Setha T, Rekol H, Chantha N, Sorany L, Raingsey P, Chan V


Protecting biodiversity and human health

Challenges and opportunities for catchment management in Fiji to conserve biodiversity and improve human health
Stacy Jupiter and Aaron Jenkins


Studying temperature effects on mortality

Temperature effects on mortality in Asian cities
Youn-Hee Lim, Ho Kim, Yasushi Honda, Yue-Liang Leon Guo

Investigating mortality attributable to high temperature in Seoul, South Korea 1992 to 2009
Clara T Kim, Youn-hee Lim, Ho Kim


Sharing lessons learned

Public health lessons from the 2012 Fiji floods: Nadi’s second flood experience and observations
Railala Nakabea

Climate change and communicable disease
Lavenia Gaunavinaka and Niko Nadolo

Webinar: Protecting health from climate change: Adaptation (September 13, 2012) – A summary for the Pacific Climate Change and Health Symposium
Jyotishma Naicker


Studying the socio-economic implications of climate change

Socio-economic implications of climate change for the Nadi Basin catchment, Fiji
Sofia Shah


Exploring new health informatics

Health informatics research in Fiji
Rohitash Chandra and Anal Kumar




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Editorial

Climate change poses significant threats to the health of the people of the Pacific as highlighted in the proceedings of the first Pacific Regional Climate Change and Health (CC&H) Symposium presented in this issue.

 

Common climate-sensitive health risks identified across 14 Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) include: increased incidence of vector-borne diseases; threats to food and water safety and security and potential spread of food- and water-borne diseases; exacerbation of non-communicable diseases; injuries and deaths from extreme weather events; more cases of ciguatera; and increases in mental health problems.

The symposium, which took place in Fiji in September last year, attracted more than 130 health professionals and researchers from the Pacific and Asia. Participants shared findings, lessons and experiences from studies and adaptation activities for CC&H. Abstracts from all the oral presentations and posters are included in this issue of Inform’ACTION, as well as the symposium’s outcome statement. SPC and WHO convened a regional workshop on the final day of the symposium to gain a better understanding of PICT needs for capacity-building in adaptation to the health threats projected as a result of climate change. Common areas identified include strengthening health information systems, geographical information systems, disaster/emergency/outbreak preparedness and response, and the environmental health function within public health laboratories.

Existing regional mechanisms can be used to efficiently address the needs identified. There are already mechanisms in place at national and regional levels to address these needs. The Pacific Public Health Surveillance Network (PPHSN) has played an important role in the region since 1996. This has included public health surveillance, outbreak preparedness and response, communication and alerts, and laboratory strengthening. Substantial work is currently being done to strengthen the PPHSN. Another key recommendation from the workshop highlighted the need to establish a CC&H working group attached to the PPHSN to coordinate adaptation, capacity-building and research projects throughout the region as also highlighted in the outcome statement of the symposium. The recommendation will be discussed at the next meeting of the PPHSN Coordinating Body.

A number of adaptation projects responding to the health threats posed by climate change in PICTs have already begun with the assistance of PPHSN members and other partners as shown in the article on 41. For example, the Kiribati Environmental Health Unit, with the support of SPC and other partners, recently began a project to strengthen monitoring and response to vector-borne diseases, especially dengue fever, and climate-sensitive health threats such as food poisoning, ciguatera, and contaminated water. The Solomon Islands Ministry of Health and Medical Services is conducting a needs assessment for an integrated national epidemiology unit with the support of SPC and WHO. Later this year, SPC in collaboration with partners from the Public Health Laboratory Network of PPHSN (LabNet), will undertake a pilot project using a recently evaluated filter paper method that allows blood samples to be sent using regular mail services. This method will provide faster and more affordable detection and confirmation of pathogens, and will support further research on arboviral diseases in the Pacific.

The New Caledonia Pasteur Institute, French Development Research Institute, Louis Malardé Institute, Fiji and Tonga Ministries of Health, the University of Otago’s Department of Public Health in New Zealand, SPC and the New Caledonian Territorial Hospital are undertaking a programme entitled ‘AeDenPac’ to study the Aedes aegypti mosquito, the main arbovirus vector in the Pacific. The programme will set up surveillance and a permanent entomological network to improve our understanding of diseases transmission and resistance mechanisms to pesticides, and to develop predictive risk indices based on climate data (see article page 37).

All these projects respond to the recommendations of the 2009 Ministers of Health meeting in Madang, where ministers emphasised the need to use and reinforce existing systems and build up national capacity to minimise climate-related health risks. This will ultimately enhance the resilience of the Pacific Community to the health threats posed by climate change.

Christelle Lepers, Damian Hoy, Yvan Souarès*
Public Health Division, SPC; *Focal point for Climate Change and Health

 

AeDenPac: The Aedes Aegypti Mosquito - A Dengue and Chikungunya Fever Vector in the Pacific
M. Dupont-Rouzeyrol, P. Laqere, V. Rama, U. Tuangalu, VM. Cao-Lormeau, F. Mathieu-Daudé, M. Mangeas, H. Bossin, C. Menkes, A.C. Gourinat, M. Teurlai, E. Descloux, A. Pfannstiel, A. Sakuntabhai, A. Roth, Y. Souares, S. Hales,L. Guillaumot

 

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SPC Public Health Division supporting Pacific Island countries and territories in adapting to climate change
Damian Hoy, Brian Dawson, Adam Roth, Yvan Souarès

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Last updated on August 22, 2013