Census of Population and Housing and sample Surveys

Censuses of Population and Housing in Tuvalu are conducted every ten (10) years, with the latest census of population conducted in 2002. Sample surveys on the other hand are conducted at ad-hoc intervals. Or more precisely, their likelihood of being conducted largely depends on funding availability and technical support which are basically sought from external sources.

This page presents key results for the latest population censuses (2002) and the Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) 2004/05. Reports for these two activities are available on our publications page. Reports from future activities such the ‘Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) currently in progress will be included once it is finalised and released.

Census 2002 key results

2004/05 HIES selected tables

Summary of Population indicators
  Total Males Females
Total Enumerated population 9,561 4,729 4,832
Urban population (Funafuti) 4,492 2,281 2,211
Rural population (Outer Islands) 5,069 2,448 2,621
Resident population 9,359 4,614 4,745
Urban population (Funafuti) 3,962 1,994 1,968
Rural population (Outer Islands) 5,397 2,620 2,777
Median age (years)      
Total resident population 23.6 20.8 26.4
Resident urban population (Funafuti) 26.0 23 26
Resident rural population (Outer Islands) 23.5 19.2 28.1
Resident population structure Persons %  
Population younger tdan 15 years 3,405 36.4  
Population 15-59 years 5,144 55.0  
Population 60+ years 810 8.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 97    
Dependency ratio (15-59) 82    
Average annual rate of growtd (1991-2002) 10.2    
Total population 0.5%    
Resident population 0.6%    
   Urban population (Funafuti) 0.9%    
   Rural population (Outer Islands) 0.4%    
Population Density (persons per sq km)      
Total Population 373    
   Urban population (Funafuti) 1,610    
   Rural population (Outer Islands) 222    
Resident population 365    
Proportion urban (Funafuti) 47%    
Total number of households 1,579    
Number of private households 1,568    
   Urban (Funafuti) 639    
   Rural (Outer Islands) 929    
Average household size (persons per household) 6.0    
   Urban (Funafuti) 6.2    
   Rural (Outer Islands) 5.8    
Main source of household income Tuvalu Urban Rural
No income 6.2 3.0 8.4
Wages 59.1 76.5 47.1
Own business 5.4 7.8 3.7
Sale of fish/handicraft/hawker/copra 9.1 4.2 12.4
Remittances 18.1 7.0 25.7
Otder 2.2 1.4 2.7
Educational characteristics (Resident population 15years+)  Total Males Females
No education (%) 22.5 17.8 26.7
Primary (%) 55.1 58.1 52.4
Secondary (%) 14.3 14.7 13.9
Tertiary (%) 8.1 9.4 7
School enrolment rate (% of persons aged 5-15yrs attending) 96.7 95.3 98.4
Economic activity (15 years & older) Total Males  Females
Total resident population      
   Labour force participation rate (%) 58.2 69.6 47.9
   Employment population ratio (%) 33.2 44.9 22.7
   Unemployment rate (%) 6.5 4.9 8.6
Urban population (Funafuti)      
   Labour force participation rate (%) 61.0 70.4 51.8
   Employment population ratio (%) 49.6 61.0 38.4
   Unemployment rate (%) 8.9 6.6 12
Rural population (Outer Islands)      
   Labour force participation rate (%) 56.0 68.9 45.2
   Employment population ratio (%) 20.9 31.7 11.8
   Unemployment rate (%) 4.6 3.6 5.9

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Summary of Demographic indicators
  Total Males Females
Total enumerated population (November 2002) 9,561 4,729 4,832
       
Resident population size (November 2002) 9,359 4,614 4,745
Rate of annual growtd (%), 1991-2002 0.6    
Rate of annual increase, 1991-2002 1.7    
Crude net migration rate, 1991-2002 -1.1    
Fertility      
Average annual number of birtds, 1997-2002 241 132 109
Crude birtd rate (CBR), 1997-2002 26.0    
Total fertility rate (TFR), 2000-2003 3.7    
Teenage fertility rate, 2000-2003 40/1000    
Mean age at child bearing (MAC), 1997-2002 29.3    
General fertility rate (GFR), 1997-2002 104    
Mortality      
Average annual number of total deatds, 1997-2002 94 48 46
Average annual number of infant deatds, 1997-2002 8 5 3
Crude deatd rate (CDR), 1997-2002 10.2    
Life expectancy at birtd, 1997-2002 63.6 61.7 65.1
Infant mortality rate (IMR), 1997-2002 35 41 28
Child mortality rate (4q1), 1997-2002 9 6.5 11.7
Under 5 mortality rate (5q0), 1997-2002 41 44 36
Migration      
Average annual number, 1991-2002 -98 -45 -53

Source:Central Statistics Division