Household expenditure is defined as the sum of household consumption expenditure and the non-consumption expenditures of the household. The latter are those expenditures incurred by a household as transfers made to government, non-profit institutions and other households, without acquiring any goods or services in return for the satisfaction of the needs of its members. Household expenditure represents the total outlay that a household has to make to satisfy its needs and meet its "legal" commitments.
In summary, households across Tonga had a total consumption expenditure of 333,027,000 pa'anga for the year. Food expenditure contributed just over half of this amount with 51% of the total, whilst other key expenditure categories were transportation (11%) and housing and utilities (10%).
There wasn't a huge difference between the breakdown of consumption expenditure for urban and rural, although food expernditre was more significant for the rural population, which is to be expected as they have less access to some non-food expenditure items.
The average monthly household consumption expenditure was 1,550 pa'anga, 1,856 pa'anga for the urban population and 1,460 pa'anga for the rural population.
Nearly all households recorded that they purchased food throughout the course of the survey. It was also found that whilst 51 per cent of urban households recorded they consumed home produce, this figure was much higher for rural households at 90 percent.
Non-consumption expenditure also had a significant impact on typical household in Tonga's finances, with 98,819,000 being recorded for this category (nearly 30% the amount report for consumption expenditure). This accounted for gifts to other households, gifts to the church, gifts to the school or for special events such as weddings and funerals.
Average household monthly expenditure, by Island division
|Alcohol & Tobacco||59||57||59||56||67||41||34||117|
|Clothing & Footwear||45||34||45||41||34||8||16||28|
|Housing & Utilities||233||134||233||152||125||92||100||35|
|Household Furnishings & Equip.||90||62||90||61||63||39||95||74|
|Medical & Health||11||6||11||7||5||1||5||0|
|Restaurant & Hotels||51||20||51||25||20||7||11||4|
|Miscellaneious Gds & Ser.||94||61||94||71||55||34||40||47|
|Remittances-Received in Kind||79||53||79||58||37||44||69||66|
|Total Consumption Expenditure||1856||1459||1856||1556||1459||1037||1229||1475|
|Contributions to Church||152||135||152||162||89||69||152||72|
|Contributions to Village||3||8||3||7||7||5||12||15|
|Contributions to School||17||13||17||13||12||20||14||8|
|Other Cash Gifts||192||186||192||198||217||136||70||146|
|Total Non-Consumption Exp.||505||447||505||490||432||275||397||335|
|Home Loan-Capital Payments||32||19||32||23||18||4||21||0|
|Savings (Credit Union, Life Ins.)||13||1||13||1||0||2||2||4|
|Total Other Expenditure||70||41||70||52||22||7||72||4|
Source : Household Income and Expenditure Survey Report - 2009, Statistics Department
.Contact person: Mrs Masiva'ilo Masila