Household Income consists of all receipts whether monetary or in kind (goods and services) that are received by the household or by individual members of the household at annual or more frequent intervals, but excludes windfall gains and other such irregular and typically onetime receipts.
Household Income is defined to cover: (i) income from employment (both paid and self-employment); (ii) property income, (iii) income from the production of household services for own consumption; and (iv) current transfers received.
Households across Tonga received 355,856,000 pa'anga as income for the year. Wages and Salary Income accounted for 43 per cent of the total household income, whilst income from subsistence activities (subsistence income + home produce consumed) accounted for 29 percent. Remittances were also a major source of household income, accounting for 21 per cent.
The importance of each income source differed significantly between urban and rural, with the urban population being more reliant on wage and salary income, whereas the rural population was more reliant on subsistence activities. Both populations were equally reliant on remittances.
The average monthly household income was 1,657 pa'anga; 2,170 pa'anga for urban households and 1,505 pa'anga for rural households.
More than 70 per cent of urban households reported earning wage and salaryincome, whereas nearly 90 per cent of rural households reported consuming home produce. For remittances, over 80 per cent of households in both urban and rural reported receiving this source of income.
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Average household monthly income, by Island division
|Income from Employment|
|Wages & Salary - current job||1,083||551||1,083||662||452||255||297||576|
|Wages & Salary - previous job||49||18||49||23||5||9||33||19|
|Wages & Salary - casual jobs||19||25||19||17||43||39||20||35|
|Home Produce Consumed||68||206||68||173||251||224||235||452|
|Welfare, NFF & Child support||24||11||24||10||20||136||10||0|
|Total Household Income||2,169||1,505||2,169||1,541||1,542||2,629||1,294||1,646|
|Irregular Gifts Received|
|Irregular cash gifts||284||168||284||167||130||298||105||162|
|Home Produce - received||34||29||34||26||33||28||28||53|
|Bought Goods - received||115||110||115||117||112||80||104||68|
|Total Irregular gifts||433||307||433||310||275||406||237||283|
Source: Household Income and Expenditure Report, Statistics Department.
Contact person: Mrs Masiva'ilo Masila