RESCCUE generally works separately in New Caledonia’s Northern and Southern Provinces on pilot sites in the north-eastern coastal area and on the Great South.

The Northern and Southern Provinces, with the Government of New Caledonia’s consent, nevertheless wished the following activities be handled at country level:

  • strengthening the “avoid, reduce, offset” (ARO) sequence; and
  • greening taxes and government subsidies.

The activities are part of a RESCCUE-backed move to use economic and financial levers for integrated coastal zone management.

This New-Caledonia-wide work is also a case study and an opportunity to share experience for discussion throughout the Pacific in regional activities carried out by RESCCUE in both areas.

Strengthening Avoid-Reduce-Offset (ARO) sequence implementation in New Caledonia

Service provider

BIOTOPE, with ENVIE and Natura Legis

Contact: Mathieu Souquet – [email protected]

 

Government partners

Northern Province Department of Economic Development and the Environment, Southern Province Department of the Environment and New Caledonia Department of Industry, Mines and Energy.

 

Objectives

This work essentially involves ARO-sequence governance issues rather than the related technical and scientific issues covered in detail separately.  It has a dual objective, namely:

  1. Offering the various stakeholders solutions for improving the use of environmental assessments in New Caledonia, which form the basis of decisions and action for preventing and reducing the impact of plans, programmes and projects on the country’s environment; and
  2. Defining a roadmap for ensuring that robust biodiversity offset practices emerge in New Caledonia so as to help achieve the “no net loss” biodiversity objective.

 

Activities

  • Assess the existence, use and effects of environmental assessments as well as biodiversity offset practices in New Caledonia as well as identify the main current and future issues regarding the regulatory framework and governance of offsets;
  • Conduct a participatory description of the strengths and weaknesses revealed by the exercise;
  • Produce a roadmap co-constructed by multiple stakeholders to co-ordinate ARO-sequence strengthening.
Towards greener taxes and government subsidies in New Caledonia

Service provider

UNC LARJE (University of New Caledonia Legal and Economic Research Laboratory) with Vertigo Lab and Didacticiel et Modélisation Économique (DME).

Contact: Samuel Gorohouna – [email protected]

Government partners

Government of New Caledonia Tax Department (DSF), Northern Province Department of Economic Development and the Environment (DDEE) and Southern Province Department of the Environment (DENV).

 

Objectives

This activity is part of an effort to streamline taxation and follows on from the Lieb reports and current reforms by adding an environmental component to the economic and social analysis. “Greening” taxation and subsidies involves:

  • Identifying the main negative environmental effects of taxation (including local and national tax relief, parafiscal levies and custom duty exemptions) and New Caledonian government subsidies. Any positive effects identified are included in the study with the aim of strengthening them;
  • Developing concrete proposals for initiating changes in taxation policy and government subsidy allocations at country, provincial and municipal level, which could include setting up new taxation mechanisms, while constantly endeavouring to simplify the process;
  • Assess the potential environmental, budgetary, social and economic impact of intended changes.

 

Activities

  • Assess current taxes and subsidies
  • Examine the effects of taxes and subsidies on the environment
  • Develop proposals for greening taxes and subsidies
  • Assess the budgetary, environmental, and socio-economic effects of the proposed reform
  • Foster discussion over the various recommendations in liaison with government and civil society