Regional WAHIS
Monday, 26 July 2010 10:58

The OIE is the intergovernmental organisation responsible for improving animal health worldwide. It is recognised as a reference organisation by the World Trade Organization (WTO) and in 2010, had a total of 176 Member Countries and Territories, including FSM, PNG, Fiji, Vanuatu and New Caledonia
The OIE maintains relations with SPC member countries (22 PICTs including the OIE member countries

WHY DO THE MEMBER COUNTRIES NEED TO REPORT TO OIE?

To make our disease status transparent with our trading partners so that they can make decision on whether to trade and HOW TO trade e.g., using import conditions. SPC negotiated with the EU the maintenance of market access conditional upon establishment of improved animal health reporting through the OIEs web based system.

Memorandum of Understanding on WAHIS Regional Core for the Pacific Community

The MOU is supplementary to existing agreement established between the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community in September 1999. It no way alters the terms and conditions of the existing agreement. MOU was signed in December 2008.

Purpose of MOU

To improve animal disease information sharing among countries through better early warning and enabling coordinated efforts in emergency response and disease control. Establishes procedures, guidelines and obligations governing the data and information sharing between OIE and SPC to feed the information to WAHIS.

OIE Obligations --- OIE agrees to:

  • Provide SPC on regular basis information collected by OIE from member countries of the Pacific Community
  • Provide member countries of the Pacific community that are not OIE members, complete access to WAHIS as provided to OIE members and enabling countries to enjoy the same benefits as OIE MEMBER COUNTRIES


SPCs Obligations --- SPC agrees to:

  • Encourage SPC member countries including those that are not OIE member countries to regularly provide information to the OIE using WAHIS
  • That the representatives on animal disease reporting for each SPC member country will be the OIE delegate/ or his or her representative – Chief Veterinary Officer or Head of Agriculture Department or his/her representative

Data Ownership

Data submitted to WAHIS is owned by the governments of the countries submitting the data as authorised by the CVO, Head of Agriculture Department.

As part of the MOU, data that is submitted to the WAHIS system will not be shared or given to other institutions, companies or individuals, other than legitimate purposes of international trade and or biosecurity.


Data Submission

Each member country of SPC shall provide all necessary information for disease notification, including epidemiological information, in accordance with the disease notification requirements outlined in the Terrestrial and Aquatic Animal Health Codes.

With the standard disease reporting requirements, each SPC member country agrees to submit immediate notification of the occurrence of a animal disease event, follow-up reports, six monthly and annual reports through the WAHIS system. 

Introduction to WAHIS and WAHID

The objective of OIE is to ensure transparency in the global animal disease situation, including zoonoses. By deciding to join the OIE, a Member agrees to fulfill its international commitment to notify to the OIE - as laid down in the OIE’s Code (“Notification and Epidemiological Information”). The Veterinary Authority informs OIE Headquarters and OIE Headquarters contacts the Veterinary Authority for follow up reports of the suspicion or confirmation of an outbreak of disease or other epidemiological event, according to the provisions of the OIE’s Codes. 

The World Animal Health System (WAHIS) – http://www.spc.int/wahis comprises the following:

(a) A monitoring system, which is transparent about the regular animal health situation in each member country or territory.  It has information on all OIE listed diseases

  • A Six-monthly Report is submitted twice every year
  • Annual reports contain
  • Additional information
    • Non OIE listed-diseases
    • Zoonoses in humans
    • Animal population
    • Veterinary Services
    • Laboratories and diagnostic tests
    • Vaccine facilities

(b) An early warning system - to inform the other Member on an a disease notification that occurred in a country or a territory


The World Animal health Information Database – http://www.spc.int/wahid provides access to all data held within OIE's new World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS).

A comprehensive range of information is available from:

  • Immediate notifications and follow-up reports submitted by Member Countries in response to exceptional disease events occurring in these countries as well as follow-up reports about these events,
  • Six-monthly reports describing the OIE-listed disease situations in each country
  • Annual reports providing further background information on animal health, on laboratory and vaccine production facilities, etc.

It has a range of information available:

  • By country (or group of countries), 
  • By disease, 
  • Focusing on control measures, or 
  • Comparing the animal health situation between two countries.