Field Detail
Theme Population and Development
Code PD-POV-1.4
MDG code MDG-1.6
Sub-theme Poverty
Name Proportion of the of employed person living below $1 (MDG 1.6)
Definition The proportion of employed persons living below $1 (PPP) per day, or working poor, is the share of individuals who are employed, but nonetheless live in a household whose members are estimated to be living below the international poverty line of $1.25 a day, measured at 2005 international prices, adjusted for purchasing power parity (PPP).
Calculation/Formula "Working Poverty Rate = Employed Persons Living Below Poverty Line / Total employment "
Unit of Measure %
Range (eg Age) 15+ years
Assumptions Employment is defined as persons above a specified age who performed any work at all, in the reference period, for pay or profit (or pay in kind), or were temporarily absent from a job for such reasons as illness, maternity or parental leave, holiday, training or industrial dispute. Unpaid family workers who work for at least one hour should be included in the count of employment
Limitations There are no reliable PPP indices for the PICs so cannot therefore estimate the $1 per-day PPP poverty levels. Even if estimate was available it would be so low as to not be useful.
Purpose/Rationale Measures the levels of the working poor. Gives indications of low paying jobs that trap most people in poverty
Policy Linkages MDGs
Preferred Data Sources HIES
Census - HIES - DHS tag HIES
Primary Data Collection System Survey - National Statistics Office
Frequency of Data Collection 5 years
SPC Responsibility - Data Management SDP
SPC Programme SDP
Numerator Employed Persons Living Below Poverty Line
Denominator Total employment
Factor x 100
Unit %
Other Metadata Link http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/Metadata.aspx