Field Detail
Theme Human Development
Code HD-GEN-1.1
MDG code MDG-3.3
Sub-theme Gender
Name Proportion of seats held by women in national parliaments (MDG 3.3)
Definition The number of seats held by women members in single or lower chambers of national parliaments, expressed as a percentage of all occupied seats. 100% indicates equality
Calculation/Formula Number of parliamentary seats held by women / Total number of seats in parliament x 100
Unit of Measure %
Range (eg Age) Elected Officials
Assumptions Assumes political and electoral system contains no inherent gender bias
Limitations As a measure of women’s contribution to political decision making and leadership at the national level, this indicator may not be sufficient because women may face obstacles in fully and efficiently carrying out their parliamentary mandate or not able to or not willing to influence decisions related to gender equality
Intended Direction of change Increase
Purpose/Rationale Measure of good governance and gender equality in political leadership and decision-making
Policy Linkages Regional and International conventions/development frameworks endorsed by PIC governments (Pacific Plan, MDGs, UNCEDAW; UDHR; BPA; PPA)
Preferred Data Sources National Parliaments
Primary Data Collection System National Administrative Records – results of national elections and by-elections released by the Electoral Commissioner (or equivalent)
Frequency of Data Collection Election year or year of last by-election
Other agencies countries_ must report to: National Election Offices
SPC Responsibility - Data Management HDP
Means of Verification (outside NSO system) Ministry/Dpt of Women
SPC Programme HDP
Numerator Number of parliamentary seats held by women
Denominator Total number of seats in parliament
Factor x 100
Unit %
Other Metadata Link http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/Metadata.aspx