Field Detail
Code MDG-7.6
MDG code MDG-7.6
Name Protected terrestrial and marine areas (%)
Definition The units of measure in this indicator are terrestrial protected areas as well as marine protected areas in territorial waters (up to 12 nautical miles from the coast). The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) defines a protected area as ‘a clearly defined geographical space, recognized, dedicated and managed, through legal or other effective means, to achieve the long-term conservation of nature with associated ecosystem services and cultural values’ (Dudley, 2008).
Calculation/Formula UNEP-WCMC aggregates the global and regional figures for this indicator from the national figures calculated through GIS analysis
Unit of Measure %
Purpose/Rationale The extent to which the land areas, including inland waters, and territorial waters of a country/territory are protected is a useful indicator of Government’s will to protect biodiversity. However, it is neither an indication of how well managed the terrestrial and marine protected areas are, nor confirmation that protection measures are effectively enforced. Further, the indicator does not provide information on non-designated or internationally designated protected areas that may also be important for conserving biodiversity.
Preferred Data Sources UNEP-WCMC
Primary Data Collection System Survey - International Agency / Global Monitoring
Frequency of Data Collection Annual
SPC Responsibility - Data Management SDP
SPC Programme SDP
Unit %
Other Metadata Link http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/Metadata.aspx