Field Detail
Theme Population and Development
Code PD-POP-1.4
Sub-theme Population
Name Urbanization
Definition Refers to the proportion of the population living in urban areas, reflecting the process of people moving to urban areas. This is not to be confounded with urban growth rate, which describes the process of urbanization.
Calculation/Formula Population living in urban areas / Total population x 100
Unit of Measure %
Purpose/Rationale Indicative of national development progress with most economic development in most countries happening in/around urban areas. Indicative of rural-urban drift. Indicative of likely social problems
Policy Linkages National Development Plans (NDP), National Sustainable Development frameworks (NSDF)
Preferred Data Sources Census (two collections)
Census - HIES - DHS tag Census
Primary Data Collection System Survey - National Statistics Office
Frequency of Data Collection 5-10 years
SPC Responsibility - Data Management SDP
SPC Programme SDP
Numerator Population living in urban areas
Denominator Total population
Factor X 100
Unit %