Field Detail
Theme Health
Code PH-VBD-1.2
MDG code MDG-6.6.1
Sub-theme Vector Borne Diseases (Malaria)
Name Incidence of malaria per 100,000 population (MDG 6.6.1)
Definition The Incidence of malaria is the number of new cases of malaria per 100,000 people each year
Calculation/Formula "Annual parasitic incidence (API) calculated as number of cases by 100,000 population. "
Unit of Measure Cases per 100,000 pop
Purpose/Rationale The indicator allows highly endemic countries to monitor trends of new cases. In some countries these may have increased over the last two decades due to deteriorating health systems, growing drug and insecticide resistance, periodic changes in weather patterns, civil unrest, human migration and population displacement. Being preventable and curable, apart from having a major impact on health/mortality in endemic areas, it has serious economic consequences: It can decrease gross domestic product by as much as 1.3% in countries with high disease rates. And in some heavy‐burden countries, the disease accounts for up to 40% of public health expenditures; 30% to 50% of inpatient hospital admissions; and up to 60% of outpatient health clinic visits. Malaria disproportionately affects poor people who cannot afford treatment or have limited access to health care, trapping families and communities in a downward spiral of poverty (WHO). Incidence and prevalence is difficult to measure, especially where health services are limited. Mortality is therefore both an important outcome indicator in its own right and a proxy indicator for disease burden.
Preferred Data Sources Administrative data from National Health Information System (verified for quality): Lab‐based surveillance; syndromic surveillance; notifiable disease notification system
Alternative_Data Sources Lab‐based surveillance; syndromic surveillance; notifiable disease notification system
Primary Data Collection System National Administrative Database - Health Information Management Systems (HIS)
Frequency of Data Collection Annual
Other agencies countries_ must report to: CHIPS
SPC Responsibility - Data Management PHD
Baseline Year 2003/1999
Baseline value 2003: SI 199; VA 74
Target Year 2014
Target value 2014: SI 46, VA 7
Data validation / quality Medium: This a national indicator. There are current concerns with double counting. GMU will work with the 2 PICTs to address this concern.
SPC Programme PHD
Link to SPC Division Plan PHD Goal 19 - M&E, GMU
Numerator Annual parasite incidence rate
Denominator Population at risk
Factor x 100,000 population
Other Metadata Link http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/Metadata.aspx