Field Detail
Theme Health
Code PH-VBD-1.3
MDG code MDG-6.6.2
Sub-theme Vector Borne Diseases (Malaria)
Name Death rates associated with malaria (MDG 6.6.2)
Definition The malaria death rate is expressed as the number of deaths due to malaria per 100,000 population per year with the population of a country
Calculation/Formula "Number of cases per 100,000 population defined by underlying cause as per ICD"
Assumptions Should be measured over 3 -5 year aggregate periods with 95% confidence intervals to minimise instability due to the small number of events. Note: if the second approach taken – adding different diseases together gives a total far greater than 100%.
Purpose/Rationale Being preventable and curable, apart from having a major impact on health/mortality in endemic areas, it has serious economic consequences: It can decrease gross domestic product by as much as 1.3% in countries with high disease rates. And in some heavy‐burden countries, the disease accounts for up to 40% of public health expenditures; 30% to 50% of inpatient hospital admissions; and up to 60% of outpatient health clinic visits. Malaria disproportionately affects poor people who cannot afford treatment or have limited access to health care, trapping families and communities in a downward spiral of poverty (WHO). Incidence and prevalence is difficult to measure, especially where health services are limited. Mortality is therefore both an important outcome indicator in its own right and a proxy indicator for disease burden.
Preferred Data Sources DHS/MICS
Alternative_Data Sources Lab‐based surveillance; syndromic surveillance; notifiable disease notification system
Primary Data Collection System National Administrative Database - Health Information Management Systems (HIS)
Frequency of Data Collection Annual (aggregated over multiple years)
Other agencies countries_ must report to: CHIPS
SPC Responsibility - Data Management SDP, PHD
Comments / Regional Trend Analysis As countries improve vital statistics and civil registration systems, there may be some increases in published measures of mortality (such as IMR) due to improvements in reporting rather than a true increase in mortality rate. Care must be taken in inter
SPC Programme PHD
Other Metadata Link http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/Metadata.aspx