(Cover picture: spiceontour)
In January 2019, the Statistics and Immigration office of Niue in collaboration with the Ministry of finance and planning of Niue and supported by the Brisbane Accord Group produced an analytical report of the country’s birth, death and cause of death data as recorded by the civil registration system in the years 2012-2016.
The importance of this report to the future of Niue cannot be underestimated. Understanding the historical changes in demographic events is key to developing the nation’s future policy planning and vital for determining which resources are needed, what development gaps exist and where urgent attention and action is required.
Some highlights from the report include that leading causes of death in the Island for the period 2012-2016 for persons of all ages are NCDs. Diabetes tops the list of leading cause of death, with 20.4% of all deaths attributed to this cause. External causes of death (accidents and injuries) are an important contributor to mortality among adult males aged 15-59. There is also evidence that the maternal age at birth is being delayed to older age groups. Overall, while life expectancy in Niue is relatively high (males, 71.8 years, and females, 75.7 years) there has been no significant change in these numbers over the past 30 years.
This is the second analytical report of a similar nature produced by Niue, covering data from 2012–2016 and is part of the commitments made by Pacific Islands Counties and Territories (PICTs) towards strengthening of their administrative data collection systems as outlined in the Pacific Vital Statistics Action Plan and the Ten Year Pacific Statistics Strategy (TYPSS). PICTs have also committed towards the Asia and Pacific decade for civil registration and vital statistics (2012-2024) Goal 2 of which commits countries to producing vital statistics from civil registration records.
The development of this report was supported by the Brisbane Accord Group, under the leadership of the Pacific Community (SPC), the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) and the World Health Organisation (WHO).
Full report can be downloaded from SPC’s Statistics for Development page.