Key design changes in PILNA research to yield more helpful data for Pacific education   

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Photo Caption: Fiji’s representative Josaia Sila during the PILNA Steering Committee meeting last week.

The Pacific Islands Literacy and Numeracy Assessment (PILNA) in October will be more extensive and is expected to yield more telling information, following key research design changes endorsed this month. 

The design changes, which include the use of two scales (a writing scale and a reading scale) to measure literacy proficiency, were endorsed by the PILNA Steering Committee at its annual meeting last week. 

The changes were proposed by the Pacific Community’s (SPC) Educational Quality and Assessment Programme (EQAP) after it conducted a field trial with the assistance of its technical partner, the Australian Centre for Educational Research (ACER).   

Fiji’s representative and national PILNA coordinator Josaia Sila welcomed the separation of the literacy into two scales.    

“I think that’s a good way of identifying the weaknesses and strengths in students’ reading abilities and writing abilities,” he said.  

Sila said a broad spectrum of students, from upper primary to university level, had very poor literacy skills, and it was imperative that every effort be made to improve this critical learning skill.  

“If we are able to identify the students with those problems, then classroom teachers should find a way or should help them out in trying to achieve those skills,” he said. “Then when they leave primary school and move to the secondary level, they’ll have the ability to read, the ability to write well in English.” 

The PILNA study will be conducted in 15 Pacific Island countries. It will provide the countries a snapshot of their primary school students’ grasp of basic literacy and numeracy skills. 

The design  improvement endorsed by the steering committee also includes the introduction of multi-level modelling, a methodology that will allow for more insight into the PILNA data collected. The PILNA study involves an assessment of students’ skills, and a contextual questionnaire that is answered by students and their teachers. In the last PILNA study, about 40,000 students and 5,000 teachers were involved.  

This year’s PILNA study is expected to engage a larger group, said SPC's PILNA lead Torika Taoi.  “We would expect a little bit more than the 2018 participation because Papua New Guinea had requested to increase the number of schools that will participate so that it covers all their 23 provinces, and this has been agreed,” she said. 

Taoi said the third key improvement was the use of a rotated block design that allows for the same assessment to be presented in different orders or blocks. The design is to ensure factors like student fatigue and time constraints have minimal influence on student performance. 

The 2021 PILNA study will begin in October. 

Media contact:
Irene Manarae, EQAP Communications Assistant, SPC | [email protected], +679 3378 523  

About PILNA:
PILNA is the only large-scale education assessment conducted in 15 Pacific island countries. The Pacific Community’s education division, EQAP, conducts the assessment with the technical support of the Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER) and field support from the participating countries. PILNA is endorsed by the UNESCO Institute of Statistics as one of only nine cross-national learning assessments in the world that meets the criteria to measure the literacy and numeracy indicators as stated under Sustainable Development Goal 4 (Quality Education). The last PILNA study was conducted in 2018.  Click on this link for the PILNA 2018 Regional Report.  

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