During COP 27, The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) marked an important milestone with the launch of updated Nationally Determined Contributions. Through the identification of new objectives, the country charts a path to enhance its mitigation targets to improve the safety, security, resilience, and quality of life of its people.
FSM faces intense challenges from climate change
In the Pacific region, the FSM is particularly vulnerable to extreme weather events (such as droughts, typhoons, and storm surges), all of which are exacerbated by climate change and sea-level rise. Over the past few years, the country has engaged forcefully in international discussions, setting out an ambitious agenda for mitigation and putting in place a wide range of adaptation policies and strategies.
In the framework of the Paris Agreement, the FSM submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) - targets for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions - in 2015 to the UNFCCC Secretariat. Seven years later, updated NDCs has been launched with the support of the Government of Italy and the Pacific Regional NDC Hub.
“Today, the FSM officially launched their updated NDCs. This submission not only fulfils the requirements of the Paris agreement, but it’s also a call to action. Reading our NDCs means understanding how our future in the FSM is deeply intertwined with climate change. Our mid-term and long-term opportunities are led by climate change.” said Honorable Secretary Andrew Yatilman, Department of Environment, Climate Change and Emergency management of the FSM.
National vision for sustainable economic development
The FSM has a strongly positive view of its near-term sustainable economic development. Despite the challenges and threats posed by climate change, the country sees a promising future for large ocean states such as itself.
Indeed, climate action will be a crucial driver of sustainable economic development in the FSM in the following decades. With new practices to protect and manage its diverse ecosystems, the country said: “it is committed to sustaining its enormous endowment of natural resources for the benefit of current and future generations”.
New goals and mitigation targets
Recognising the imperative to achieve net zero greenhouse gas emissions at the global level by 2050 and achieving the long-term temperature goal of the Paris Agreement, the FSM targeted eight main pillars in their enhanced NDCs: (i) energy security, (ii) short-lived climate pollutants, (iii) food security, (iv) water security, (v) ecosystems management, (vi) resilient transport systems, (vii) public health, and (viii) emergency management and response.
Among the objectives settled, the following were mentioned:
- By 2030, increase access to electricity to 100% nationwide.
- By 2030, reduce black carbon and methane emissions related to diesel-electric generation by more than 65% below 2000 levels.
- By 2030, effectively manage 50% of marine resources and 30% of terrestrial resources, including restricting commercial fishing in up to 30% of the FSM marine environment.
- By 2030, provide universal access to clean drinking water by refurbishing existing water infrastructure.
While these updated NDCs are ambitious, the FSM will require capacity-building support from key partners and stakeholders to meet its targets. Regional organisations will be crucial in achieving the strategy's success, aimed at enhancing climate action.
Know more about COP 27: https://www.spc.int/enhancingclimateaction-COP27